Kartilya ng Katipunan
The Kartilya ng Katipunan is a document that served as a guidebook for the Katipunan, a Philippine revolutionary society aiming for independence from Spanish rule in the late 19th century. Consequently, it outlined the moral values and principles that Katipunan members were expected to follow, including:
- Love for the Philippines
- Compassion for others
Moreover, Kartilya played a significant role in shaping the ideals of the Philippine Revolution and influenced the drafting of the Malolos Constitution, the country’s first constitution. Today, it remains a historical symbol of the Philippines’ struggle for independence and the importance of these values in building a just and strong nation.
Let’s take a closer look at its origins, authors, and importance to Filipinos today.
When was the Kartilya ng Katipunan originally published?
The Kartilya ng Katipunan, originally titled “Lessons of the Organization of the Sons of Country,” was first published in 1896. It emerged during the height of the Philippine Revolution against Spanish colonial rule.
Who is the author of Kartilya ng Katipunan?
Emilio Jacinto, a prominent figure in Philippine history, authored the first edition of the Kartilya ng Katipunan. Born on December 15, 1875, Jacinto was a Filipino general and a key member of the Katipunan. He played a pivotal role in the revolution and was often referred to as the “Utak ng Katipunan” or the “Brains of the Revolution.”
Kawani and the Malolos Constitution
The Kartilya’s principles laid the foundation for the Malolos Constitution, the first constitution of the First Philippine Republic. It should be noted that the ideals and values advocated in the Kartilya greatly influenced the drafting of this historic document, reflecting the Katipunan’s commitment to a just and independent Philippines.
The Kartilya’s teachings revolved around moral and ethical principles that the Katipunan believed were essential for the creation of a united and free nation. These values included integrity, discipline, compassion for others, and love for the native land. Additionally, they aimed to cultivate a sense of responsibility and unity among Filipinos.
The Meaning of “Kawani”
In the context of the Kartilya, the term “kawani” refers to the members of the Katipunan. Undoubtedly, these individuals were expected to abide by the principles and values set forth in the Kartilya, and they were instrumental in the revolutionary efforts to achieve Philippine independence.
The Kartilya ng Katipunan continues to hold significance in modern times. It serves as a testament to the intellectual and moral foundations of the Philippine Revolution. The values and principles outlined in the Kartilya are a reminder that disciplined and principled citizenship is essential for a strong and just nation.